The President of India

Part V

The Union

The part V of Indian constitution describes role and power of President, vice President, Parliament, Legislative power of President, The Union Judiciary, comptroller and auditor general of India. Let’s read in brief.

Chapter 1

The Executive

The President of India : Role and responsibility  

The president of India [A-52]: This article  of Indian constitution says that there shall be a President of India.

Functions of the President of India:

a. Executive Power [A-53]: This article defines the executive power of the Union shall be vested in the hand of President of India. It shall be exercise by him directly or through official subordinates to him (Accordance with constitution).

  1. Defence: Under this, Supreme command of Defence forces of the Union (India) shall be vested in the President (under regulation of law).

b. Election of President [A-54]: The president shall be elected by the elected member of both houses of parliament and elected member of legislative assemblies of the states. Article 55 describes the Manner of election of the president.

c. Term of Office of President [A-56]: Under this, the president of India should hold office for a term of five years.

  1. This article provided that the president may resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to vice president of India.
  2. Also the president may be removed from office by impeachment for the violation of Indian constitution.

d. Qualification of the election as President [A-58]: Under this, the qualification for election as president should be :


  1. He must be Citizen of India.
  2. He has completed the age of thirty five year.
  3. He must be qualified for election as member of house of the people.

Note: A Person shall not be qualified if he/she hold s any office of profit under Indian government or any other govt. of state.

e. Conditions of President Office [A-59]: Under this, president shall not be member of either house of parliament or of a house of the legislature of any state. If he is a member of either houses of parliament or legislature, he shall be considered to have evacuated his seat on the date on which he joined his office as president.

f. Article 60 of Indian constitution under Part V describes “Oath and affirmation of the President of India”.

g. Article 61 of Indian constitution under Part V describes “Procedure for impeachment of the president”.

h. Article 73 describes Council of minister to aid and advice President. Under this, there shall be council of Ministers with prime minister at the head to aid and advice President of India.

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