The battle of Plassey was fought in 1757. It was a significant victory of British East India Company over the Bengal’s Nawab Sirajudaula. Read best note for IAS Exam. The battle turned out at Plassey, about 150 km north of Calcutta, near Murshidabad. The main reason of victory was the conspiracy of Robert Clive with Mirjafar. The battle of Plassey was an important event in the history of India.
“In The discovery of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru said that Clive won the battle by promoting treasury and forgery.”
Brief story : The battle of Plassey
British occupied to the grove of Plassey with 3000 soldiers and 8 pieces of artillery. On 23rd June, 1757, the battle was fought between forces of Siraj and Troops of British. French supported the Nawab of Bengal in the battle of Plassey. In this battle the Nawab and his force were finally defeated by British army. Finally Siraj lost the battle of Plassey and fled. On 2nd July Siraj escaped, but eventually arrested and executed by Mir Jafar’s army in Patna. Later Mir Jafar occupied the Palace and treasury. He took over the administration under British East India Company.
Who was Siraj-ud-Daulah?
Siraj-ud- Daulah was the last and independent Nawab of Bengal. His administration ended with the Victory of British Empire under Clive. It opened the way to British domination in India.
Mir Jafar was the commander of Nawab’s army. He acted loyalty to the Nawab of Bengal, but double crossed him in the battle of Plassey. After Siraj-ud-Daulah’s defeat Robert Clive appointed Mir as the Nawab of Bengal. This treaty was promised before Battle, part of conspiracy. By this way Mir Jafar pursued his dream of rule. Later he also faced conflicts with British.
Robert Clive was the commander in Chief on British east India Company. He established political and military supremacy in Bengal. He is popular as the Clive of India.