The Modi Government has planned to take a step ahead towards cleaning the polluted river Ganga which was once known for purity. The National Ganga River Basin Authority or NGRBA has created an implementation division for taking the responsibility to clean the holy river and named it as ‘National Mission for Clean Ganga’ or NMCG. When it is official, the project was called “Namami Ganga Yojana” or Namami Gange Project.
“A National River: Ganga; Namami Gange Project”
Among the major Indian rivers, the Himalayas are the source to three, namely the Brahmaputra, the Indus and the Ganga. The river Ganga drains a basin of extraordinary variation in terms of the climate, altitude, flora & fauna, land use as well as social & cultural life. Oldies left by saying that “Ganga has been a support of human progress since time immemorial”. This great river has served millions; sometimes in terms of physical and in sometimes in terms of spiritual sustenance. Though generations have passed, people have enormous belief in the regeneration and healing powers of the river Ganga. Arguably, the Ganga is deeply revered by the people of India and is the most sacred river worldwide. The river plays a significant role when it comes to rituals and ceremonies. One-time bathe in the holy river Ganga is a lifetime ambition of many who assemble in a vast number for numerous bath (Snan) festivals and river centered festivals like Kumbh Mela.
Detail information about the Namami Gange Project
Who operates the project “Namami Gange”?
The Namami Ganga Yojana or Namami Gange Project is one of the ambitious projects passed by the Union Government. The project is a mixture of efforts to protect and simultaneously clean the river Ganga in a complete manner. As earlier mentioned that NMCG is the implementation wing of NGRBA, it is a registered society initially created by the think-tankers of Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on 12th of Aug’ 2011 under the 1860 Societies Registration Act.
NMCG is operating the project at a national level and is the coordinating body of the yojana. The States Level Program Management Groups (SPMGs) are formed in five major cities of India i.e. in West Bengal, Bihar, Uttarakhand, and UP. These SPMGs are created to support NMCG in the Ganga cleaning progress. These five states are also registered as the societies under the 1860 Societies Registration Act. A dedicated Nodal Cell has been created in Jharkhand to keep the progress go easy. The Namami Gange scheme is administered and directed by a Joint Secretary in Indian Government. The SPMGs are also handled by the senior officials of the concerned states for the effective implementation of projects of Namami Ganga Yojana under the overall administration of NMCG. NGRBA has started several projects to effectively conserve the river Ganga and make it pollution free. The area of operation may get varied, extended or altered in future by the Governing Council to other states through which major streams of Ganga flow.
What makes the Council to think of Namami Gange Project?
When it comes to the cleanliness of the river Ganga, there are several topics to discuss. The rising standards of living, rapidly increasing pollution and exponential growth of urbanization and industrialization are some of the key factors which lead the Government to come up with Namami Ganga Yojana. These deadly factors have exposed the water resources of Ganga to several forms of degradation. At the time of lean seasons, the river Ganga which was earlier called the Mighty Ganga has become unhealthy even for bathing. The glacial melt effect on Ganga flow, the threat of global climate change and the impacts of infrastructural projects in the upper parts of the river have raised issues that need an immediate response. In short, Namami Gange Project was the best step that Government has taken towards cleanliness and pollution control.
What steps the Government take to make Namami Gange Project successful?
With the mission to clean the river Ganga, Indian Government has started around 231 projects in the five mentioned states in the first phase under Namami Gange Project. All of these projects are focusing on developing sewage infrastructure and treatment, redevelopment and modernization of crematoriums and ghats, afforestation, medical tree plantation, interceptor drain project, pilot drain project, biodiversity conservation and trash skimmers. Rs. 2000 Crore has been sanctioned by the Government towards Clean Ganga Project.
Besides, 400 villages will be developed as soon as possible along the river side of Ganga as ‘Ganga Gram’ in the first phase. Around 13 IITs have welcomed this innovative and noble scheme of PM Narendra Modi and came forward to take part in developing ‘Ganga Grams’. 328 Sarpanchs have completed their training at Sichawal located in Punjab. According to the Namami Gange project status, eight biodiversity centers will be developed in coming days along the side of Ganga for the restoration of priority species. The Government has started developing these centers in Allahabad, Dehradun, Rishikesh, Varanasi, Narora, Bhagalpur, Barraackpore and Sahibganj. The government has also initiated an application to monitor the pollution level in the river so that effective steps can be taken soon.
Moreover, development work of a sum total of 1242 drains and ghats in these villages has been started. According to the survey report, 59 towns have successfully completed the survey and reports for 27 towns have prepared out of 118 towns alongside the river Ganga. 50 more reports will be added soon. The WildLife Institute of India will decide how the government can preserve crocodiles, dolphins, and other species. In addition, the Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute is asked to guide the government in preserving various types of fish. The government has planned to plant trees in 2700 hectare areas around the river Ganga. Five real time and 57 manual monitoring stations are already in function to monitor the water quality of the mighty Ganga and 113 more real-time stations will be constructed soon. Namami Gange Project will definitely bring back the same glory that the river Ganga had once upon a time.
Below are the links to see the complete Ganga cleaning progress under NGRBA for each state. Click to get the full details.
In West Bengal, 22 industry consumes 116 MLD water from resources followed by 87 MLD waste water generation.
There are no industry found in Jharkhand consuming water from the river Ganga.
In Bihar, 13 industry consumes 91 MLD water followed by 17 waste water generation.
In Uttar Pradesh, 687 industry consumes 693 MLD of water from resources, followed by 269 MLD waste water generation.
In Uttarakhand, a sum total of 42 industry are consuming 224 MLD of water from resources of Ganga, followed by 127 MLD waste water generation.
These industries belong to several categories such as Chemical, Pulp & Paper, Distillery, Sugar, Textile, Bleaching and Dyeing, Food, Diary & Beverage, and Tannery.
The Central Pollution Control Board is reviewing the industries those are using the river Ganga and polluting simultaneously. The board is checking the adequacy of industries in terms of wastewater pollution and the results of the same are under observation.
Thanks for the halt! Keep visiting the website to know more about all of Yojanas and Schemes launched by PM Narendra Modi. There also several other sites to get Namami Ganga Project in Hindi. Visit them to read the complete schemes and yojanas of Govt. of India in Hindi.
You can also get the Hindi link for Namami Gange Project here.