Green revolution in India stands for major technological breakthrough. It was a campaign started worldwide, to increase agricultural product. India also played major role in 1961. Green revolution in India was based on improved seeds of high yielding varieties, adequate and assured supply of water for irrigation, increased and appropriate application of chemical fertilizers for increasing agricultural production.
“Norman Earnest Borlaug is known as father of Green revolution.
Key facts about Green revolution in India :
- The term Green revolution was first used in 1968 by William Gaud.
- In 1961, an American Biologist, Norman Earnest Borlaug was invited by C.Subramaniam.
- During 20th century, Norman introduced high yield wheat varieties along with modern agricultural production techniques.
- He developed semi-dwarf, high yield, disease resistance wheat varieties.
- This resulted in the collaboration of Indian government and ford foundation, ignoring bureaucratic hurdles. This collaboration had done to import wheat seed from international Maize and wheat improvement Centre.
- Punjab was the first state to try these new crops because of reliable water supply.
- Now India started its own Green revolution programs included plant breeding, irrigation development and financial agrochemicals.
- Later Country adopted semi dwarf rice (IR8) yielded about 5 tons per hectare without fertilizer, and achieved success throughout Asia.
- In present, India is among major rice producers in the world.
Green revolution introduced existed technologies which implement outside industrialized nations. These technologies were Modern irrigation projects, Pesticide, Synthetic nitrogen fertilizer and improved crop varieties. These were developed through methods based on science.
Impact of Green revolution in India:
Along with India many others countries adopted these varieties. This collective initiative improved the food security worldwide, named Green revolution. Annual wheat production in India increased from 10 to 73 million in 2006. Cereal production doubled between 1961 to 1985 in developing nations. Also world grain production increased to larger extent. Later, Borlaug was accorded with the noble peace prize in 1970, for his contribution in increasing food supply.