Arrival of European Powers in India: Portuguese-Dutch-British-Dane and France

From the 15th century the European powers had arrived in India due to commercials reasons. Vasco Da Gama (Portuguese) was first European who landed at Calicut, India via sea route in 1498. Later he was followed by Dutch-British-Dane and France in order. At that time India was famous for different spices.

Arrival of European Powers in India: Portuguese-Dutch-British-Dane and France

Steps used to expand Empire in India: Firstly they requested Indians rulers to allow them for trade in India. After that they requested to set up Industries. After they built industries, they requested Indians rulers to allow them to recruit Indian soldiers and guards in their industries. Meanwhile they constructed forts around industries to protect them from dangers. They slowly established their domination in India.
Trading place: Later they had started printing press and caffeine production in India. They use Goa and Cochin as their commercial land.
 Reason of decline: The main reason of Portuguese’s decline was religious intolerance as they forced Indians to convert into Christianity. And hence they were defeated by local rulers. They stayed in India till 1961.

Things to Remember: Arrival of European Powers in India: Portuguese-Dutch-British-Dane and France
Portuguese were the first Europeans who come to India.
• First Portuguese governor in India was Francisco de Almeida (1505-09).
• The first printing press was brought to Goa, India by Portuguese in 1556. (First printing press was established at S t. Jesus Paul College, Goa.)
• They introduced Gothic art in India.
• They stayed in India till 1961.
• In 1961, the king of Portugal had presented Bombay as dowry to Charles II of English when he married his sister Catherine.

Similarly, Dutch had acquired south and Dane has acquired East in India. But after some time they left India for their own reasons. Two Main power remained in India was British and France.

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